Top 5 Backend Frameworks to learn in 2021

Server side or Backend frameworks are for the backend development of websites and web applications. They control the database, the application logic, the payment methods, the security and server configurations.

With the backend framework rules and simple architecture, a developer’s productivity can be increased as they can create simple web page, landings, and different forms of databases with existing templates. 

In fact, developers and contributors can also shape the output results and help them improve the security mistakes occurring due to cross-site scripting in web development.

Form validation is also a beneficial functionality provided by server side web framework for people requiring the user to input data structures that are estimated to meet definite necessities. 

After all, to develop web applications with the goal of having an interactive interface, everyone will require a wider functionality and event handling. 

In other words, all kinds of elements can definitely help you and developers simplify the process.  Server-side development frameworks work mostly individually but play an important role in application growth. 

Here is our list of the top backend web development frameworks-

  1. Ruby on Rails Framework
    Ruby on Rails (RoR) is a model view controller (MVC) framework written in Ruby programming language created by David Heinemeier Hansson. It is known to be a beginner-friendly framework as it aids them to start web application development quite rapidly. Ruby on Rails presents various tools, an abundant size of libraries and databases in order to lessen the amount of time. It is also great on test automation which is a remarkable feature to check the quality of the software framework.RoR is used for building cloud-based web applications like Pixlr, or social networking websites like ASKfm, and many such varied kinds of platforms.GitHub, Shopify, Hulu, Airbnb are some of the examples of big companies that use Ruby on Rails and are thriving. There are countless beneficial gems of Ruby on Rails and library-like dependencies that emphasize on the topics of the view layer and enhance the functionalities of your sites. This facilitates the ability to build apps faster and more competently.  The community of Rails is quite friendly and reliable, and many resources and tutorials assist you to become an expert in much less time.
  2. ExpressJS Framework
    ExpressJS is easy to use and maintain, particularly if you previously have knowledge of Node.Js.  Simplicity and speed are the chief ideologies of this Node.js API development framework. It delivers some essential topics without concealing the traits of Node and forces a robust presentation of asynchronous Node.js. Express is also pretty flexible and aids in developing web applications, complete websites, web pages, and REST API.Nowadays, Express.js is swiftly becoming one of the best frameworks for web development. It is used widely by big companies like IBM, Uber, Accenture, to name a few. Out of various open-source web frameworks, Express.js includes a huge number of exceptional web development tools and numerous solutions that can be created with just a few code lines.It is also well-suited with supplementary frameworks like Sails, Loopback, and Kraken.  You can augment HTTP and middleware technique routes, such as put, get, post, and something for that context, to a router like an application. 
  3. Laravel Framework
    Laravel uses the PHP language and is a free and open-source web development framework.  Laravel is backed by API support and it comprises a number of PHP components and packages that could outspread its influence. Laravel 5.2 adds improvements to the websites by providing implicit model binding, multiple authentication driver support, simplified eloquent global scopes, and middleware groups.It also comes equipped with opt-in authentication scaffolding, array validation improvements, rate limiting middleware, and more, that makes it ideal for Ecommerce websites.This model view controller (MVC) architectural pattern framework, created by Taylor Otwell, has sought the place of the most popular PHP frameworks.Laracasts are screencasts tutorials websites with copious videos on Laravel, front-end technologies, and PHP frameworks in the Laravel environment that could be beneficial for any beginner.Entire Laravel source codes can be fetched through GitHub under the terms and conditions of the MIT license. It is comparatively a fresh concept as compared to the other examples on the list here. Thus, Laravel is one of the best web development frameworks for a quick and efficient web application.
  4. Spring Framework
    Spring is based on Java and has an MVC framework developed by Pivotal software.  The foremost purpose of this framework is the capabilities to make the formation of J2EE applications. Its organized architecture and HTTP Post simplifies the whole procedure a lot. Many prominent corporations appreciate the benefits of Spring model view controller (MVC) and controller classes. BillGuard, Wix, and TicketMaster are a few amongst them using the lightweight and minimalistic approach of Spring for building robust websites.It is a lightweight container and offers API responses for numerous domains which is highly advantageous to websites and web developers. Spring framework features have the advantages of retaining many parallel projects and enhancing its functionality that facilitate you in scaling up your business response speedily. Its exemplary features such as the employment of Java, a powerfully typed programming language, makes it one of the best web development frameworks.
  5. Django Framework
    Django is based on the Python full-stack web framework and is open-source.  This model view template pattern is considered to be one of the best architecture design for web frameworks.It supports Python version 3.4 and database access and produces an admin panel for constructing the websites built with Python language.Its batteries-included trait offers a variety of properties that consist of messaging and authentication.  It follows the Convention over Configuration philosophy and DRY concepts. Django web framework offers tools and devices for developers to form a secure website, handle user accounts, and implement security features in the framework itself, like averting code performance in the templates layer.Instagram, YouTube, Pinterest, and Google are just some of the top companies that use Django framework for developing websites.

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